contains six principal ecosystems, among which the largest tropical forest
in the world - the Amazon. Each hectare of forest contains between 100 to 300
different plant species, forming a vast natural laboratory, making Brazil the
country with the world's greatest biodiversity.
complete our biodiversity, people came to Brazil from all five continents,
joining the over 350 different indigenous peoples living here when Brazil was
large part of these immigrants chose to stay close to the coast, facing the
sea. Great cities grew up in the coastal regions and, for many centuries, we were
a little forgetful of our interior. There, however, the core of the Brazilian
people lived. Living side-by-side with the forest and the plains, the traditional
peoples of the backlands continued to cultivate the land as those who would cultivate
is from these men and women - who always lived with the land - that we have
so much to learn: the secrets of plants, respect for animals, and how to preserve
what remains of Brazil's natural heritage.
This wealth of life in Brazil is, nevertheless, under serious threat. The Atlantic
Rain Forest, which once stretched all along the country's coast, is today reduced
to less than 7% of its original extent. Little remains of the Cerrado (savannas),
and the Amazon is also fast losing its forest cover.